The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg recognised the Republic of Estonia on 22 February 1923 and re-recognised Estonia on 27 August 1991. Diplomatic relations were re-established on 29 August 1991.
Estonian Ambassador to Luxembourg Gert Antsu presented his credentials on 6 December 2012. The ambassador resides in Brussels and in addition to Luxembourg is also the ambassador to Belgium and Switzerland.
Previous Estonian ambassadors to Luxembourg were:
1993-1996 Clyde Kull 1996-1999 Jüri Luik 1999-2003 Sulev Kannike 2004-2009 Malle Talvet-Mustonen 2009 Karin Jaani 2010-2011 Mariin Ratnik
Estonia’s Honorary Consul in Luxembourg is Alexis Thielen.
Ambassador of Luxembourg to Estonia Michèle Pranchère-Tomassini presented her credentials on 23 November 2012. The ambassador resides in Prague. Mr. Vahur Kraft held the postition of Honorary Consul of Luxembourg to Estonia from February 2009 to December 2013.
The bilateral relations of Estonia and Luxembourg are good and stable. The shared integration-minded EU policy of both Estonia and Luxembourg creates a sound basis for co-operation. Meetings of the foreign ministers take place regularly in the Baltic and Benelux countries format; the last such meeting took place on 9-10 October 2013 in Riga.
President of the Riigikogu Eiki Nestor on an official visit
Prime Minister Andrus Ansip
Foreign Minister Urmas Paet
Prime Minister Andrus Ansip
Foreign Minister Kristiina Ojuland
President Arnold Rüütel
Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Foreign Affairs and Immigration Jean Asselborn on a working visit
Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Jean Asselborn at the meeting of the Baltic and Benelux countries
Prime Minister Jean-Claude Juncker
Minister for Foreign Affairs and Immigration Jean Asselborn
Prime Minister Jean-Claude Juncker
Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Foreign Affairs and Immigration Jean Asselborn
The new "Agreement between the Republic of Estonia and the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg with respect to the avoidance of double taxation and prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income and on captial" (signed on 07.07.2014, work is underway to ratify, is expected to come into force 01.01.2015)
The mutual visits of business delegations have taken place infrequently (1999, 2003, 2005) and trade between Estonia and Luxembourg is modest.
In 2013 Luxembourg was Estonia’s 56th trade partner with a total turnover of 12.66 million euros. In 2013 exports to Luxembourg totalled 1.01 million euros in value while imports totalled 11.65 million euros in value. The trade balance was negative by 10.6 million euros.
Primary articles of exportin 2013 were vehicles and means of transport (33.1%), prepared food and drinks (71.5%), metals and metal products (27.9%), live animals and animal products (13.7%) and prepared food and drink(8.5%).
Primary articles of importin 2013 were metals and metal products (70.8%), plastic and rubber products (15.3%), machines and mechanical devices (6.3%) and products made from stone, plaster, cement and other such materials (2.1%).
According to Bank of Estonia data, as of 31 December 2013, Luxembourg had made direct investments in Estonia totalling 324 million euros, which was 2.1% of all direct investments made in Estonia and placed Luxembourg in 11th place among the countries investing in Estonia. Most of the investments went to agriculture and the manufacturing industry, information and communication sector; finance and insurance; professional, research and technical activity; and real estate.
As of 31 December 2013, Estonia’s direct investment position in Luxembourg was 0.5 million euros and was thereby in 44th place in Estonia's direct investments in foreign countries (according to EP published data). The main sectors and structure had remained the same; they were financial and insurance activity, real estate, and professional, research and technical activity.
In August 2010 the Estonian government approved the decision to sell part of its unused AAU (Assigned Amount Units) quota to Luxembourg for a sum of 30 million euros. The money from the sale was invested in works to make apartment buildings more energy-efficient. In addition to Luxembourg, agreements on the sale of unused AAUs have also been concluded with companies in Austria, Spain, and Japan.
Cultural relations between Estonia and Luxembourg are developing. Within the past few years, concerts have been given in Luxembourg by Villu Veski and Tiit Kalluste together with the Argentinean Pipi Piazolla; Vox Clamantis and Olav Ehala; Andres Mustonen and Ivo Sillamaa; as well as Ultima Thule and Vennaskond. Christmas concerts have been arranged and Aldo Järvsoo’s and Tanel Veenre’s creative works in the field of fashion demonstrated. The Luxembourgish have also had an opportunity to watch Priit Pärn’s animations and Liina Siib’s poster art works. The documentary film “The Singing Revolution”, about Estonia regaining its independence, has been screened in Luxembourg. Concerts have been given by the Maria Faust Ensemble, Jaak Sooäär on guitar and Tuule Kann on zither (kannel), and many others. The Pascal Schumacher Quartet from Luxembourg has performed within the framework of the Nargen Festival in Estonia; the film “A Town Named Panic”, created in co-operation by Luxembourg, Belgium and France, has been shown during the Black Nights Film Festival.
Highlights among the cultural events held in 2011 were the band Singer Vinger’s performance in Luxembourg and the concert and public celebration held by the European Choir of Estonians in May. In June the Midsummer holiday was celebrated; singer-actors Marko Matvei and Anto Siimson performed at the celebration. In March, photographer Rob Kieffer'i show "Luxembourg - A Photographic Journey by hot air balloon" was on at the Viru Centre in Tallinn. In April, Luxembourg musicians - USA soul-funk band Funky P Society - performed in Estonia at the Jazzkaar festival.
The cultural events of 2012 started with a concert by the Estonian band Kosmikud (organized by Luxembourgish Estonian Society), which was followed by meetings with children’s author Mika Keränen in February. Villu Veski and the Hedvig Hanson jazz quartet gave a concert in March and in May, the European Choir of Estonians held a concert and a public festival. In October, A Lady in Paris opened the Central and Eastern European Film festival CinEast, which included an extensive programme of Estonian films in celebration of the 100th anniversary of Estonian film. In the same month, Ott Lepland gave a concert in Club Melusina (also organized by Luxembourgish Estonian Society). Luxembourg has also been represented in Estonia through many cultural events. In September 2010 the contemporary music ensemble from Luxembourg called United Instruments of Lucilin (a string quartet along with a pianist, saxophone player and percussionist) performed chamber music by Arvo Pärt as well as contemporary Luxembourgish works during the weeks dedicated to Pärt’s 75th birthday.
The Estonian cultural events of 2013 in Luxembourg that should be highlighted include the concert by Tonis Mägi & Music Seif, the joint exhibition of Estonian and Luxembourg artists at the Beim Engel Gallery, the celebration of the 95th anniversary of the Republic of Estonia at the Beim Engel Gallery, the participation of Estonian films at the CinEast Film Festival and the concert by Tanel Padar & the Sun at the CinEast Festival's Balti Night.